Risk Factors For Bladder Cancer

Urology

09 Mar 2024 | 0 | by kjh

2570370login-checkRisk Factors For Bladder Cancer

You may be aware of some of the risk factors for bladder cancer but some risk factors might surprise you.

Smoking
Do you smoke?  If so, you should know that smoking is the greatest risk factor for bladder cancer that can be determined by your own behavior. Cigarettes, cigars, pipes, all contribute to bladder cancer.  In fact, smokers are 2-3 times more likely than nonsmokers to get bladder cancer.  The chemicals in tobacco smoke are absorbed in the blood.  The chemicals then pass through the kidneys and collect in the urine.  The chemicals can damage the inside of the bladder thereby increasing your chances of getting bladder cancer.

Gender
Men are up to four times as likely as women to get bladder cancer.

Age
Like many types of cancer, the likelihood of getting bladder cancer increases with age.  Most people who get bladder cancer are 65 or older and bladder cancer is uncommon in those under 40.

Race
Bladder cancer favors Caucasians; it occurs twice as frequently in Caucasians as it does in African Americans and Hispanics.  Asians have the lowest diagnosis of bladder cancer.

Exposure to ChemicalsYou may be exposed to chemicals that contribute to bladder cancer at your workplace.  Certain occupations and environments are more hazardous than others.  These include printers, machinists, metal workers, dry cleaners, hairdressers, truck drivers, textile workers, painters and those exposed to rubber and leather in their workplace.  It is helpful to research the industry in which you work.  If you are an employee, look for warning signs posted in the workplace about exposure to certain chemicals.

Parasites
If you are infected with certain parasites, there can be an increased risk of developing bladder cancer. 

Drugs
If you’ve been treated for cancer, you may have been treated with cyclophosphamide or arsenic.  These drugs raise the risk of bladder cancer.  Also arsenic can be found in drinking water.

Organ transplantation:
When one has an organ transplant, drugs are prescribed to suppress the immune system.  This can lead to frequent bladder infections which is a risk factor for bladder cancer.

Genetics
If you have Lynch syndrome, you could have an increased risk of developing bladder cancer.  Lynch syndrome is a genetic condition that increases the risk of colorectal, endometrial (uterine) and other cancers.  Genetic conditions can be passed down through families.  However, it is not likely for bladder cancer to be genetic, though other risk factors may be genetic.

History of Bladder Cancer
If you’ve had bladder cancer before, you could have a 50-80% chance of getting bladder cancer again, after treatment.  It could manifest as a recurrence of the initial cancer or as a second individual disease.

Chronic Bladder Issues
If you’ve had chronic bladder infections you could be susceptible to bladder cancer.  Also, frequent catheterization and kidney stones may be risk factors although an affirmative link has not yet been established.


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