Different Acids For Different Skin Issues

Dermatology

01 Apr 2024 | 0 | by kjh

2570640login-checkDifferent Acids For Different Skin Issues

What kind of acids are used for the skin? Most people have heard about or used some kind of product that includes acids that help the skin. Here are some acids used topically in skincare and a description of their benefits and best uses:

Salicylic Acid
You’ve probably seen Salicylic acid in acne products.  That’s because it works really well to combat acne by getting deep into the pore and helping to get rid of bacteria and oil.  It exfoliates cellular debris from the pores.  Salicylic acid is a beta-hydroxy acid. It helps with inflammation and increases the effectiveness of other skincare products.  For mature skin, it can help with fine lines. It also reduces the appearance of pores.

Glycolic Acid
This is another common acid found in skincare products; in fact, it is probably the most popular.  Its benefits include smoothing fine lines, boosting collagen production and antioxidant  properties.  It has the smallest molecules of any of the alpha hydroxy acids so it penetrates quickly into the skin.  However, those with sensitive skin might find it to be too harsh.

Mandelic Acid
Mandelic Acid has a myriad of benefits.  It helps with uneven skin tone, and it is a melanin-inhibitor, meaning it prevents the production of melanin causing dark spots to form on the face.  It also kills acne bacteria and it is good for inflammation.  For those with rosacea or sensitive skin, it’s a great choice because it is absorbed more slowly into the skin due to its larger molecular structure.

Kojic Acid
Kojic acid is a great brightening agent.  It inhibits the production of tyrosinase, an enzyme that is behind melanin synthesis.  That means that it will help to fade dark spots on the face and discoloration.  For those who suffer from melasma, it’s a great choice. It also has antioxidant properties and helps with inflammation. 

Lactic Acid
Lactic acid is a humectant so it absorbs and retains moisture.  It is great for sensitive skin since it’s mild and it’s great for mature skin because it helps with fine lines and it plumps the skin. It leaves skin soft and smooth.  It’s also an exfoliator.

Ascorbic Acid
Ascorbic Acid is an antioxidant and brightener.  It also helps protect against UV damage and other environmental factors responsible for aging.  Vitamin C suppresses tyrosinase which is a melanin-producing enzyme. It neutralizes free radicals that give rise to dark spots on the skin.

Hyaluronic Acid
Hyaluronic Acid is a sugar molecule. You’ve probably seen it in many facial creams.  That’s because it helps the skin to look more plump since it binds water to collagen. It’s great for mature skin and most people tolerate it well.

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